1. Cello Concerto I Allegro moderato Part I
Cello Concerto I Allegro moderato Part
3. Cello Concerto II Adagio
4. Cello Concerto III
Symphony No.103 I Adagio: Allegro con spirito
6. Symphony No.103 II Andante
piu tosto Allegretto
7. Symphony No. 103 III Menuet
Symphony No. 103 IV Finale: Allegro
9. Trumpet Concerto I Allegro
10. Trumpet Concerto II Andante
11. Trumpet Concerto III Allegro
Haydn’s Early Life and Career
13. Listener’s Guide to Haydn Cello Concerto
15. Listener’s Guide to Symphony No.
103 Movement I
Guide: Movement II Major & Minor Keys
17. Listener’s Guide: Symphony No. 103 Movements III & IV
18. Haydn’s Final Years and Lasting Influence
and the Classical Period
More than any other composer, Franz Joseph Haydn deserves to be called the father of music’s
“Classical” style. As he came of age in the mid-eighteenth century, musical thinking was in the midst of profound
changes. The compositional forms and procedures of the Baroque era began to seem old-fashioned and composers sought fresh
modes of musical expression. Out of their search emerged brand new musical forms, most notably the symphony and string quartet,
and a new style that valued poetic melodies and harmonies over “learned” counterpoint.
Haydn played a crucial role in establishing
new classical forms. For all practical purposed he invented the string quartet as a musical form, and his contributions to
the symphony helped develop that format from a modest off-shoot of the opera overture into the most potent and attractive
type of instrumental music available to composers.
Haydn’s symphonies established the defining traits of this most important genre of music, and they were
the source from which all subsequent developments in the symphonic composition would spring. He developed the concept of the
orchestra as an organic whole. Haydn wrote for each instrument in keeping with its natural character, and in a way that would
blend well with the other members of the orchestra. Moreover, Haydn established procedures of thematic development, particularly
the technique of deriving whole passages from a single brief melodic idea. His extraordinary imagination and freshness served
as an ideal of musical inventiveness to generations of later composers.
Haydn’s Early Life and Career Haydn
was born in 1732 into a humble family in Rohrau, a small town near the present-day border of Austria and Hungary. He was no
child prodigy, but his fine singing voice won him a place in a choir school in a nearby town. There, Haydn remembered, he
received “more thrashings than food,” but he received a basic education in music. When he was seven, Haydn gained
a place in the choir of Saint Stephen’s Cathedral in Vienna, now famous as the Vienna Boys Choir. He resided at cathedral
school for most of the next decade, acquiring a solid, though not spectacular, musical and general education.